Termite pest control
Termite forms and stages
Termite colonies and nests
The colonizing termite swarm
The reproductive termite
Preventing termite damage<
Termite pest control > Preventing termite damage
Preventing termite damage
If buildings are to be constructed on recently cleared woodland, decaying logs and stumps should be removed from the soil in the vicinity and burned. If, because of the presence of decaying wood and humus, the subterranean termites are numerous in the earth, the soil should be deeply plowed or otherwise broken up and treated with to kill the insects.
Decaying fence posts, sidewalks, etc., should be removed and replaced with treated wood, concrete, stone, or other resistant substances; such decaying material would facilitate the formation or perpetuation of the termite colonies.
Termites will infest not only old buildings but also improperly constructed new buildings, and these are often badly infested. It is not the age of the building but the manner in which it has been constructed that renders it liable to attack.
Complete insulation from the ground of all untreated woodwork of buildings is the only effective permanent, remedy against attack by subterranean termites, and the only relief from their presence.
These insects must maintain contact with the ground to obtain the moisture necessary for their existence. When contact with their moisture supply in the earth is cut off, the subterranean insects in the damaged wood, no matter how numerous, soon dry up and die.
To prevent subterranean termites from reaching the woodwork of buildings from their nests in the ground, the foundations of buildings should be constructed, if possible, entirely of stone, brick, concrete, or concrete and steel, including the pillars in the basement or cellar.
The walls, partitions, and flooring in the ground floor, basement, or cellar should also be of concrete. Wooden flooring can be laid over this concrete floor if desired. If the flooring is to be of concrete, the concrete should be laid on a gravel base.
In buildings where stone, brick, or concrete foundations are impracticable, treated timber should be employed, and no untreated wood should come in contact with ground which may be infested with termites.
The supports of porches or steps should never be laid directly on the ground, but should rest on rock or concrete. Window sills and frames in the basement or cellar should be laid over concrete and the woodwork should not come in contact with the ground. The supports of the woodwork in basements or cellars should not be set in the ground, but should rest on concrete, not extending through the concrete into the soil.