Termite pest control
Termite forms and stages
Termite colonies and nests
The colonizing termite swarm<
The reproductive termite
Preventing termite damage
Termite pest control > The colonizing termite swarm
The colonizing termite swarm
At certain seasons, usually spring or fall, but varying with the species and the locality, the winged, sexual individuals migrate in large numbers from the parent nests. They then lose their wings and breed new colonies.
In the case of the subterranean termites, wood and trees are usually entered indirectly through the ground, although sometimes these insects enter trees under bark loosened by sunburn, etc., or through scars or borer holes, provided sufficient moisture is present.
Nonsubterranean termites enter the wood directly, or, in the case of trees, through wounds or borer holes or under loose bark; moisture is not necessary. In the new quarters eggs are laid, the young develop, and in a few years the colony increases in numbers, and the workers are able to feed and care for the reproductive forms - the termite "king" and termite "queen" - as well as the termite soldiers, which are sterile forms adapted to protect the colony from insect enemies, notably the true ants.
In recently formed young colonies the rate of egg laying is slow, but mating is repeated, and, although there is at first a gradual increase, later the increase in the numbers of the broods is rapid. In old colonies there are thousands and tens of thousands of individuals.
Egg laying occurs over a considerable period during the warm months in colonies out of doors. In infested buildings artificially heated, where an even temperature is maintained, the insects are active and may lay eggs every month of the year. The number of eggs laid depends on the age of the queen.