Termite pest control
Termite forms and stages
Termite colonies and nests
The colonizing termite swarm
The reproductive termite<
Preventing termite damage
Termite pest control > The reproductive termite
The reproductive termite
Owing to the increasing number of eggs that develop within her the termite queen becomes enlarged, but never loses the power of locomotion.
It was once believed that, since the queen mother was the source of the termite colony life, the termite colony would be exterminated if she were destroyed, but this has been disproved by more recent studies.
In addition to the forms that have shed their wings, several different types of reproductive forms occur - forms with wing pads (the undeveloped wings of the nymphs) and wingless reproductive adults.
The winged forms, however, are the normal type and occur as a single pair, whereas there may be hundreds of the other forms heading colonies. The reproductive forms with wing pads and the wholly wingless type usually have little color in the body, and the eyes are small. These forms rarely come aboveground or leave the burrows in wood.
The location of the queens in the colony depends upon the season of the year. During periods of intense heat or drought in the Plains or in arid or prairie regions the subterranean termites burrow deeply below ground or to a less depth under stones, cow chips, etc. During the winter in the colder climates they burrow below the frost line.
Whole colonies of subterranean termites migrate when conditions become unfavorable. The nonsubterranean termites, on the other hand, are not able to leave the wood in which they have excavated their nests.